UC BERKELEY AUTHORS: Kathleen Kahn DATE OF PUBLICATION: August 2021 REGION: South Africa DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-021-03436-0 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Inequitable gender norms and beliefs contribute to increased sexual risk behavior, and, among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW), risk of HIV acquisition. We investigated the longitudinal measurement properties of the Gender Equitable Men’s Scale (GEMS) when applied to
UC BERKELEY AUTHORS: Jason Corburn, Lee Riley DATE OF PUBLICATION: February 2021 REGION: Global South (Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Pacific Islands, and the developing countries in Asia) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-020-00491-1 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: The informal settlements of the Global South are the least prepared for the pandemic of COVID-19 since basic needs such as water, toilets,
UC BERKELEY AUTHORS: Maya L Petersen DATE OF PUBLICATION: February 2021 REGION: East Africa DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003492 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective for HIV prevention, but data are limited on HIV incidence among PrEP users in generalized epidemic settings, particularly outside of selected risk groups. We performed a population-based PrEP study in rural
UC BERKELEY AUTHORS: Aybüke Koyuncu, Jillian L Kadota, Sandra I McCoy, Michael N Bates, Carisa Harris-Adamson, Ndola Prata DATE OF PUBLICATION: January 2021 REGION: South Asia & East Africa DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031279 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Heavy load carrying of water, firewood, and sand/stones is a ubiquitous activity for women living in developing countries. Although the intra-abdominal pressure associated
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Eva Harris DATE OF PUBLICATION: November 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Gudo ES, Ali S, António VS, Chelene IR, Chongo I, Demanou M, Falk K, Guiliche OC, Heinrich N, Monteiro V, Muianga AF, Oludele J, Mula F, Mutuku F, Amade N, Alho P, Betsem E, Chimbuinhe Z, Cristovam AJ, Galano G, Gessain A, Harris E,
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Ahern J DATE OF PUBLICATION: November 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Leddy AM, Lippman SA, Neilands TB, Twine R, Ahern J, Gómez-Olivé FX, DeLong SM, MacPhail C, Kahn K, Pettifor AE. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2018 Nov 19. pii: jech-2018-211357. doi: 10.1136/jech-2018-211357. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a human rights violation and is associated with a variety of
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Sandra McCoy DATE OF PUBLICATION: October 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Fahey CA, Njau PF, Dow WH, Kapologwe N, McCoy SI. AIDS. 2018. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002056. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Food insecurity (FI) impedes antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. We previously demonstrated that short-term cash and food incentives increased ART possession and retention in HIV services in Tanzania. To elucidate
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Ndola Prata DATE OF PUBLICATION: October 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Hobday K, Hulme J, Homer C, Zualo Wate P, Belton S, Prata N. 2018. doi: 10.1186/s12978-018-0622-4. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Post-partum haemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal deaths in Mozambique. In 2015, the Mozambican Ministry of Health launched the National Strategy for the Prevention of Post-Partum Haemorrhage
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Jennifer Ahern DATE OF PUBLICATION: October 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Lippman SA, Leddy AM, Neilands TB, Ahern J, MacPhail C, Wagner RG, Peacock D, Twine R, Goin DE, Gómez-Olivé FX, Selin A, Tollman SM, Kahn K, Pettifor A. 2018. doi: 10.1002/jia2.25182. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in South Africa bear a disproportionate burden
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Sarah Jane Holcombe DATE OF PUBLICATION: August 2017 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Burrowes S, Holcombe SJ, Jara D, Carter D, Smith K. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017 Aug. DOI: 10.1186/s12884-017-1442-1. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT:  It is increasingly recognized that disrespect and abuse of women during labor and delivery is a violation of a woman’s rights and a
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: John Marshall, Wu SL DATE OF PUBLICATION: May 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Marshall JM, Wu SL, Sanchez C HM, Kiware SS, Mdhlovu M, Ouédraogo AL, Touré MB, Sturrock HJ, Ghani AC, Ferguson NM doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-26023-1. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: As Africa-wide malaria prevalence declines, an understanding of human movement patterns is essential to inform how best to
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Richard A. Gosselin DATE OF PUBLICATION: September 2016 REGION: Sierra Leone and Nepal REFERENCE: Stewart B, Kushner A, Kamara T et al. Backlog and burden of fractures in Sierra Leone and Nepal: Results from nationwide cluster randomized, population-based surveys. International Journal of Surgery. 2016;33:49-54. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.07.009. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: The burden of injury is increasing worldwide; planning for