UC BERKELEY AUTHORS: Iryna Dronova, Daniel Rodriguez DATE OF PUBLICATION: January 2021 REGION: Latin America DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145035 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Yet few studies have examined patterns of population exposure and investigated the predictors of PM2.5 across the rapidly growing cities in lower- and middle-income
UC BERKELEY AUTHORS: Carolina Ornelas, Raj P Fadadu, Morrise A Richardson, Omonivie H Agboghidi DATE OF PUBLICATION: January 2021 REGION: North America DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/heq.2020.0082 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Purpose: Heart failure (HF) disproportionately impacts African Americans. We evaluated existing quality improvement (QI) initiatives and patient and provider perceptions of barriers to HF care to develop equity-centered QI recommendations. Methods: We performed
UC BERKELEY AUTHORS: Zachary Butzin-Dozier, Jay Graham DATE OF PUBLICATION: December 2020 REGION: South America DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10010002 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Small-scale food animal production has been celebrated as a means of economic mobility and improved food security but the use of veterinary antibiotics among these producers may be contributing to the spread of antibiotic resistance in animals
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Lee W Riley DATE OF PUBLICATION: December 2020 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/microbiolspec.AME-0014-2020 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli is one of the most well-adapted and pathogenically versatile bacterial organisms. It causes a variety of human infections, including gastrointestinal illnesses and extraintestinal infections. It is also part of the intestinal commensal flora of humans and other mammals. This
UC BERKELEY AUTHORS: Brenda Eskenazi, Jennifer Ames, Stephen Rauch, Nina Holland, Marcella Warner DATE OF PUBLICATION: December 2020 REGION: Europe DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/deaa324 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: In animal studies, maternal exposure to TCDD is associated with decreased fertility in offspring. Effects of TCDD are mediated by activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) pathway. Consistent with previous findings
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Kirk R Smith, Isha Ray, Yong Tao DATE OF PUBLICATION: December 2020 REGION: East Asia DOI: https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP7124 SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Inadequate access to safe drinking water remains a global health problem, particularly in rural areas. Boiling is the most commonly used form of point-of-use household water treatment (HWT) globally, although the use of bottled
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Eva Harris DATE OF PUBLICATION: November 2018 REGION: South America REFERENCE: Andrade DV, Harris E. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: Zika virus (ZIKV) caused explosive epidemics across the Americas, starting in Brazil in 2015, and has been associated with severe manifestations such as microcephaly in babies born to infected mothers and Guillain-Barré syndrome in adults. As the
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Eva Harris DATE OF PUBLICATION: November 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Gudo ES, Ali S, António VS, Chelene IR, Chongo I, Demanou M, Falk K, Guiliche OC, Heinrich N, Monteiro V, Muianga AF, Oludele J, Mula F, Mutuku F, Amade N, Alho P, Betsem E, Chimbuinhe Z, Cristovam AJ, Galano G, Gessain A, Harris E,
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Kirk Smith DATE OF PUBLICATION: November 2018 REGION: Asia REFERENCE: Zhao B, Zheng H, Wang S, Smith KR, Lu X, Aunan K, Gu Y, Wang Y, Ding D, Xing J, Fu X, Yang X, Liou KN, Hao J. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: To tackle the severe fine particle (PM2.5) pollution in China, the government has implemented
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Ahern J DATE OF PUBLICATION: November 2018 REGION: Africa REFERENCE: Leddy AM, Lippman SA, Neilands TB, Twine R, Ahern J, Gómez-Olivé FX, DeLong SM, MacPhail C, Kahn K, Pettifor AE. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2018 Nov 19. pii: jech-2018-211357. doi: 10.1136/jech-2018-211357. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a human rights violation and is associated with a variety of
UC BERKELEY AUTHOR: Bustos Carrillo, Burger-Calderon, Eva Harris DATE OF PUBLICATION: November 2018 REGION: North America REFERENCE:  Bustos Carrillo F, Collado D, Sanchez N, Ojeda S, Lopez Mercado B, Burger-Calderon R, Gresh L, Gordon A, Balmaseda A, Kuan G, Harris E. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01622-18. SUMMARY/ABSTRACT: In late 2013, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) was introduced into the Americas, leading to widespread epidemics. A
DATE OF PUBLICATION: October 2018 REGION: Global REFERENCE: Flowra MT, Asaduzzaman M. Lancet Planet Health. 2018. doi: 10.1016/S2542-5196(18)30203-1. ACCESS: Link